Establishing a colony on Mars is something that scientists have been on the agenda for years. Though it is not a clear history yet, we are likely to establish our first Mars colon in the 21st century.
One of the biggest questions raised by establishing a colony on another planet is how people will multiply there.
Our planet is a perfect place for us and for other living things. That’s because all of us have evolved to adapt to this planet. Our bones, muscles, body fluids, in short, are all in harmony with Earth’s gravitation. Our atmosphere protects us from radiation, we have an air to which we can breathe, and we have an important substance for life like water.
If we try to carry life on another planet, our bodies will react differently to all these different environments. All this is another problem outside; to give birth to a baby.
It is a fact that people who will go to Mars will naturally be born and raised on Earth. But for a long-lived Mars colony of the day, there will be a child to be born. For now it is not possible to have children in Mars. However, we know that spending time outside the world causes many different changes in our bodies. The bones of astronomers at the International Space Station are getting weaker, the length is getting longer, their talent is diminishing. Radiation is also more exposed.
Mars, of course, is different from the International Space Station. It has no gravity, but its gravity is not the same as in Earth; Up to 40%. We do not know how a gravitational force at this size will affect fertilization, embryonic development, fetal growth in mother’s womb, or the development of a born child. The children born there are likely to have bodies that are better adapted to Mars at the end of these processes, but it is difficult to predict how these bodies will look.
To avoid this problem, it seems like a good solution to send people to the colonies who have stronger spots in Mars conditions. We can change genes ourselves as it would be appropriate for Mars conditions, as technologies for changing genes are getting better day by day. But when this is the case, we will have created a kind of new human race. This race will go to Mars and stay there for many years, when they come to Earth, they will be negatively affected. So it is possible that we may not bring a completely different, completely different breed of race from our own race.
In summary, although we have not yet set foot on Mars, the work on this subject is continuing at a rapid pace, increasingly asking questions. What will come next, we will see together.